July 7, 2019  |  

First report of blaIMP-14 on a plasmid harboring multiple drug resistance genes in Escherichia coli ST131.

The blaIMP-14 carbapenem resistance gene has largely previously been observed in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp. As part of global surveillance and sequencing of carbapenem-resistant E. coli, we identified an ST131 strain harboring blaIMP-14 within a class 1 integron, itself nested within a ~54kb multi-drug resistance region on an epidemic IncA/C2 plasmid. The emergence of blaIMP-14 in this context in the ST131 lineage is of potential clinical concern. Copyright © 2016 Stoesser et al.

July 7, 2019  |  

Complete genome sequence of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Indiana C629, a carbapenem-resistant bacterium isolated from chicken carcass in China.

The carbapenem-resistant Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Indiana strain C629 was isolated from a chicken carcass collected from a slaughterhouse in Qingdao, China. The complete genome sequence of C629 contains a circular 4,791,723-bp chromosome and a circular 210,106-bp plasmid. Genes involved in carbapenem resistance of this bacterium were identified by whole-genome analysis. Copyright © 2016 Wang et al.

July 7, 2019  |  

Genome and plasmid analysis of blaIMP-4 -carrying Citrobacter freundii B38.

Sequencing of the blaIMP-4 -carrying C. freundii B38 using PacBio SMRT technique revealed that the genome contained a chromosome of 5,134,500 bp, and three plasmids, pOZ172 (127,005 bp), pOZ181 (277,592 bp), and pOZ182 (18,467 bp). Plasmid pOZ172 was identified as IncFIIY, like pP10164-NDM and pNDM-EcGN174. It carries a class 1 integron with four cassettes: blaIMP-4-qacG2-aacA4-aphA15, and a complete hybrid tni module (tniR-tniQ-tniB-tniA). The recombination of tniR from Tn402 (identical) with tniQBA (99%) from Tn5053 occurred within the res site of Tn402/5053. The Tn402/5053-like integron, named Tn6017, was inserted into Tn1722 at the res II site. The replication, partitioning and transfer systems of pOZ181 were similar to IncHI2 (e.g. R478) and contained a sul1-type class 1 integron with the cassette array: orf-dfrA1-orf-gcu37-aadA5 linked to an upstream Tn1696 tnpA-tnpR and to a downstream 3′ CS and ISCR1 A Tn2 transposon with a blaTEM-1b ß-lactamase was identified on pOZ182. Other interesting resistance determinants on the B38 chromosome included MDR efflux pumps, AmpC ß-lactamase, and resistances to Cu, Ag, As, and Zn. This is the first report of a complete tni module linked to a blaIMP- 4 carrying class 1 integron, and together with other recently reported non-sul1 integrons, represents the emergence of a distinct evolutionary lineage of class 1 integrons lacking a 3′ -CS (qacE?1-sul1). The unique cassette array, complete tni module of Tn6017, and incompatibility group of pOZ172 suggests a different blaIMP-4 evolutionary pathway in C. freundii B38 compared to other blaIMP-4 foundin Gram-negative bacteria in the Western Pacific Region. Copyright © 2016, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

July 7, 2019  |  

Complete sequencing of plasmids containing blaOXA-163 and blaOXA-48 in Escherichia coli ST131.

OXA-48-like enzymes have emerged as important extended-spectrum ß-lactamases/carbapenemases in E. coli ST131. We report the structure of the first fully sequenced blaOXA-163 plasmid, and of two other blaOXA-48 plasmids in this lineage. blaOXA-163 was located on a 71kb IncN plasmid with other resistance genes. blaOXA-48 was present on IncL/M plasmids, genetically similar to other blaOXA-48 plasmid sequences, and consistent with inter-species/inter-lineage spread. The presence of blaOXA-48-like genes on epidemic plasmids in ST131 is of concern. Copyright © 2016, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

July 7, 2019  |  

Multiplication of blaOXA-23 is common in clinical Acinetobacter baumannii, but does not enhance carbapenem resistance.

To investigate the copy number of blaOXA-23 and its correlation with carbapenem resistance in carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB).A total of 113 blaOXA-23-positive clinical CRAB isolates were collected from two hospitals in Zhejiang province, China. Their genetic relatedness was determined by MLST. The MIC of imipenem was determined using the agar diffusion method and the copy number of blaOXA-23 was measured using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The complete genomes of five clinical CRAB strains were sequenced using PacBio technology to investigate the multiplication mechanism of blaOXA-23.Most of the isolates (100/113) belonged to global clone II and the MIC of imipenem ranged from 16 to 96 mg/L. The gene blaOXA-23 resided exclusively in Tn2006 or Tn2009. Approximately 38% of the isolates carried two or more copies of blaOXA-23. The copy number of blaOXA-23 was not correlated with the MIC of imipenem. Within the five sequenced strains, multiple copies of blaOXA-23 were either tandemly clustered or independently inserted at different genomic sites.Multiplication of blaOXA-23 is common in CRAB, but does not enhance carbapenem resistance. Multiplication can be present in the form of either tandem amplifications or independent insertions at different sites.© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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