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August 1, 2018

Complete genome sequence of Acinetobacter radioresistens strain LH6, a multidrug-resistant bacteriophage-propagating strain.

Antimicrobial resistance is a major problem worldwide. Understanding the interplay between drug-resistant pathogens, such as Acinetobacter baumannii and related species, potentially acting as environmental reservoirs is critical for preventing the spread of resistance determinants. Here we report the complete genome sequence of a multidrug-resistant bacteriophage-propagating strain of Acinetobacter radioresistens.

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May 1, 2018

Complete genome sequence of Acinetobacter indicus type strain SGAir0564 isolated from tropical air collected in Singapore.

Acinetobacter indicus (Gammaproteobacteria) is a strict aerobic nonmotile bacterium. The strain SGAir0564 was isolated from air samples collected in Singapore. The complete genome is 3.1 Mb and was assembled using a combination of short and long reads. The genome contains 2,808 protein-coding genes, 80 tRNAs, and 21 rRNA subunits. Copyright © 2018 Vettath et al.

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March 1, 2018

Tn2008-driven carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from a period of increased incidence of infections in a Southwest Virginia hospital (USA).

The objectives of this study were (i) to determine the genetic basis for carbapenem resistance in multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from patients affected by a sudden increase in the incidence of infections by such organisms in a tertiary care hospital in Virginia, USA, in 2009-2010 and (ii) to examine whether such strains are commonly encountered in the hospital setting.The whole genomes of one outbreak strain as well as one carbapenem-resistant and one carbapenem-sensitive strain from sporadic infections in 2010-2012 were sequenced and analysed. Then, 5 outbreak isolates and 57 sporadic isolates (of which 39 were carbapenem-resistant) were screened…

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February 1, 2018

Whole-genome analysis of an extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strain XDR-BJ83: Insights into the mechanisms of resistance of an ST368 strain from a tertiary care hospital in China.

Acinetobacter baumannii is an important pathogen of nosocomial infections. Nosocomial outbreaks caused by antibiotic-resistant A. baumannii remain a significant challenge. Understanding the antibiotic resistance mechanism of A. baumannii is critical for clinical treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine the whole-genome sequence (WGS) of an extensively drug-resistant (XDR) A. baumannii strain, XDR-BJ83, which was associated with a nosocomial outbreak in a tertiary care hospital of China, and to investigate the antibiotic resistance mechanism of this strain. The WGS of XDR-BJ83 was performed using single-molecule real-time sequencing. The complete genome of XDR-BJ83 consisted of a 4,011,552-bp chromosome and a…

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January 11, 2018

Complete genome sequencing of Acinetobacter sp. strain LoGeW2-3, isolated from the pellet of a white stork, reveals a novel class D beta-lactamase gene.

Whole-genome sequencing ofAcinetobactersp. strain LoGeW2-3, isolated from the pellet of a white stork (Ciconia ciconia), reveals the presence of a plasmid of 179,399 bp encoding a CRISPR-Cas (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats and associated genes) system of the I-F type, and the chromosomally encoded novel class D beta-lactamase OXA-568. Copyright © 2018 Blaschke et al.

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January 1, 2018

Revisiting the contribution of gene duplication of blaOXA-23 in carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.

Gene duplication has been discovered for many antimicrobial resistance genes in bacterial genomes and has been considered a source of elevated antimicrobial resistance.1 The gene blaOXA-23is a major determinant in the emergence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB).2–4 We have previously reported the widespread duplication of blaOXA-23by surveying 113 clinical CRAB isolates in China.5 However, in these isolates the blaOXA-23 copy number did not correlate well with the MIC of imipenem. A similar phenomenon was also reported recently by Yoon et al.6 One reasonable explanation is that, in addition to gene duplica- tions, other mechanisms might also impact on the MIC,…

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October 24, 2017

A nosocomial outbreak of extensively drug resistant (XDR) Acinetobacter baumannii isolates containing blaOXA-237 encoded on a plasmid.

Carbapenem antibiotics are among the mainstay for treating infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii, especially in the Northwest United States where carbapenem resistant A. baumannii remain relatively rare. However, between June 2012 and October 2014, an outbreak of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii occurred in 16 patients from 5 healthcare facilities in the state of Oregon. All isolates were defined as extensively-drug resistant (XDR). MLST revealed that the isolates belonged to sequence type 2 (international clone 2, IC2), and were greater than 95% similar by rep-PCR analysis. Multiplex PCR revealed the presence of a blaOXA carbapenemase gene, later identified as blaOXA-237 Whole genome…

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October 7, 2017

Complete genome sequence of Acinetobacter baumannii A1296 (ST1469) with a small plasmid harbouring the tet(39) tetracycline resistance gene.

Acinetobacter baumannii is considered an important nosocomial pathogen worldwide owing to its increasing antibiotic resistance. This study aimed to determine the complete genome sequence of A. baumannii strain A1296 and to perform a comparative analysis among A. baumannii.The complete genome sequence of A. baumannii A1296 was sequenced on two SMRT cells using P6C4 chemistry on a PacBio Single Molecule, Real-Time (SMRT) RS II instrument. The A1296 genome sequence was annotated using Prokaryotic Genome Automatic Annotation Pipeline (PGAAP), and the sequence type and resistance genes of the strain were analysed.Here we present the complete genome sequence of A. baumannii strain A1296,…

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October 1, 2017

The blaOXA-23-associated transposons in the genome of Acinetobacter spp. represent an epidemiological situation of the species encountering carbapenems.

High rates of carbapenem resistance in the human pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii threaten public health and need to be scrutinized.A total of 356 A. baumannii and 50 non-baumannii Acinetobacter spp. (NBA) strains collected in 2013 throughout South Korea were studied. The type of blaOXA-23 transposon was determined by PCR mapping and molecular epidemiology was assessed by MLST. Twelve representative strains and two comparative A. baumannii were entirely sequenced by single-molecule real-time sequencing.The carbapenem resistance rate was 88% in A. baumannii, mainly due to blaOXA-23, with five exceptional cases associated with ISAba1-blaOXA-51-like. The blaOXA-23 gene in A. baumannii was carried either by…

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September 20, 2017

Rapid gene turnover as a significant source of genetic variation in a recently seeded population of a pathogen.

Genome sequencing has been useful to gain an understanding of bacterial evolution. It has been used for studying the phylogeography and/or the impact of mutation and recombination on bacterial populations. However, it has rarely been used to study gene turnover at microevolutionary scales. Here, we sequenced Mexican strains of the human pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii sampled from the same locale over a 3 year period to obtain insights into the microevolutionary dynamics of gene content variability. We found that the Mexican A. baumannii population was recently founded and has been emerging due to a rapid clonal expansion. Furthermore, we noticed that…

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July 20, 2017

Whole-genome sequence of Acinetobacter pittii HUMV-6483 isolated from human urine.

Acinetobacter pittii strain HUMV-6483 was obtained from urine from an adult patient. We report here its complete genome assembly using PacBio single-molecule real-time sequencing, which resulted in a chromosome with 4.07 Mb and a circular contig of 112 kb. About 3,953 protein-coding genes are predicted from this assembly. Copyright © 2017 Chapartegui-González et al.

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July 11, 2017

Comparative genomic analysis of Acinetobacter strains isolated from murine colonic crypts.

A restricted set of aerobic bacteria dominated by the Acinetobacter genus was identified in murine intestinal colonic crypts. The vicinity of such bacteria with intestinal stem cells could indicate that they protect the crypt against cytotoxic and genotoxic signals. Genome analyses of these bacteria were performed to better appreciate their biodegradative capacities.Two taxonomically different clusters of Acinetobacter were isolated from murine proximal colonic crypts, one was identified as A. modestus and the other as A. radioresistens. Their identification was performed through biochemical parameters and housekeeping gene sequencing. After selection of one strain of each cluster (A. modestus CM11G and A.…

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July 1, 2017

Advantages of genome sequencing by long-read sequencer using SMRT technology in medical area.

PacBio RS II is the first commercialized third-generation DNA sequencer able to sequence a single molecule DNA in real-time without amplification. PacBio RS II's sequencing technology is novel and unique, enabling the direct observation of DNA synthesis by DNA polymerase. PacBio RS II confers four major advantages compared to other sequencing technologies: long read lengths, high consensus accuracy, a low degree of bias, and simultaneous capability of epigenetic characterization. These advantages surmount the obstacle of sequencing genomic regions such as high/low G+C, tandem repeat, and interspersed repeat regions. Moreover, PacBio RS II is ideal for whole genome sequencing, targeted sequencing,…

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June 1, 2017

Genomic epidemiology of NDM-1-encoding plasmids in Latin American clinical isolates reveals insights into the evolution of multidrug resistance

Bacteria that produce the broad-spectrum Carbapenem antibiotic New Delhi Metallo-ß-lactamase (NDM) place a burden on health care systems worldwide, due to the limited treatment options for infections caused by them and the rapid global spread of this antibiotic resistance mechanism. Although it is believed that the associated resistance gene blaNDM-1 originated in Acinetobacter spp., the role of Enterobacteriaceae in its dissemination remains unclear. In this study, we used whole genome sequencing to investigate the dissemination dynamics of blaNDM-1-positive plasmids in a set of 21 clinical NDM-1-positive isolates from Colombia and Mexico (Providencia rettgeri, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Acinetobacter baumannii) as well…

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