Melissococcus plutonius is the causative agent of European foulbrood, and its isolates were believed to be remarkably genetically homogeneous. However, recent epidemiological and pathogenic studies have shown this pathogen to be more heterogeneous than expected. Herein, we present the whole-genome sequence of M. plutonius DAT561, a representative atypical strain. Copyright © 2018 Okumura et al.
Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Lactobacillus reuteri WHH1689, which was isolated from traditional Chinese highland barley wine in the Tibetan Plateau of China. The genome consists of a circular chromosome (2.04 Mb). Copyright © 2018 Chen et al.
Lactobacillus paracasei EG9 is a strain isolated from well-ripened cheese and accelerates free amino acid production during cheese ripening. Its complete genome sequence was determined using the PacBio RS II platform, revealing a single circular chromosome of 2,927,257 bp, a G+C content of 46.59%, and three plasmids. Copyright © 2018 Asahina et al.
Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa is defined as a textquotedblleftcriticaltextquotedblright priority pathogen for the development of new antibiotics. Here we report the complete genome sequence of an extensively drug-resistant, Verona integron-encoded metallo-ß-lactamase-expressing isolate belonging to the high-risk sequence type 233.
In 2014, the first vancomycin-resistant (encoded by vanA) Enterococcus faecium isolate belonging to sequence type 203 (ST203) and complex type 859 (CT859) was detected in Denmark. In 2016, 64% of the Danish clinical vanA E. faecium isolates belonged to ST203 and CT859. Using Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) RS II sequencing, we describe the genome of ST203 CT859 vanA E. faecium.
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is an important bacterial pathogen that causes otitis media and exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here, we report the complete genome sequences of NTHi strains 10P129H1 and 84P36H1, isolated from COPD patients, which contain the phase-variable epigenetic regulators ModA15 and ModA18, respectively.
Produce contaminated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a continuing source of foodborne illness in the United States. This report documents the complete genome sequences of eight STEC strains isolated from livestock and water samples taken from a major agricultural region for leafy greens in California.
Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) cause serious damage to many crops globally. We report the high-quality genome sequence of Meloidogyne arenaria genotype A2-O. The genome assembly of M. arenaria A2-O is composed of 2,224 contigs with an N50 contig length of 204,551?bp and a total assembly length of 284.05?Mb. Copyright © 2018 Sato et al.
A bacterium capable of utilizing dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), and diisobuthyl phthalate (DIBP) as the sole carbon and energy source was isolated from shallow aquifer sediments. The strain was identified as Sphingobium yanoikuyae SHJ based on morphological characteristics, 16S rDNA gene phylogeny, and whole genome average nucleotide identity (ANI). The degradation half-life of DBP with substrate concentration of 8.5 and 50.0 mg/L by strain SHJ was 99.7 and 101.4 hours, respectively. The optimum degradation rate of DBP by SHJ was observed at 30°C and weak alkaline (pH 7.5). Genome sequence of the strain SHJ showed…
Targeted resequencing with high-throughput sequencing (HTS) platforms can be used to efficiently interrogate the genomes of large numbers of individuals. A critical issue for research and applications using HTS data, especially from long-read platforms, is error in base calling arising from technological limits and bioinformatic algorithms. We found that the community standard long amplicon analysis (LAA) module from Pacific Biosciences is prone to substantial bioinformatic errors that raise concerns about findings based on this pipeline, prompting the need for a new method.A single molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing-error correction and assembly pipeline, C3S-LAA, was developed for libraries of pooled amplicons. By…
The rapid development of biosensing platforms for highly sensitive and specific detection raises the desire of precise localization of biomolecules onto various material surfaces. Aluminum has been strategically employed in the biosensor system due to its compatibility with CMOS technology and its optical and electrical properties such as prominent propagation of surface plasmons. Herein, we present an adaptable method for preparation of carbon nanoarrays on aluminum surface passivated with poly(vinylphosphonic acid) (PVPA). The carbon nanoarrays were defined by means of electron beam induced deposition (EBID) and they were employed to realize site-specific immobilization of target biomolecules. To demonstrate the concept,…
The ascomycete Tuber borchii (Pezizomycetes) is a whitish edible truffle that establishes ectomycorrhizal symbiosis with trees and shrubs. This fungus is ubiquitous in Europe and is also cultivated outside Europe. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of T. borchii strain Tbo3840 (97.18 Mb in 969 scaffolds, with 12,346 predicted protein-coding genes).
Soda lakes, with their high salinity and high pH, pose a very challenging environment for life. Microorganisms living in these harsh conditions have had to adapt their physiology and gene inventory. Therefore, we analyzed the complete genome of the haloalkaliphilic photoheterotrophic bacterium Rhodobaca barguzinensis strain alga05. It consists of a 3,899,419 bp circular chromosome with 3624 predicted coding sequences. In contrast to most of Rhodobacterales, this strain lacks any extrachromosomal elements. To identify the genes responsible for adaptation to high pH, we compared the gene inventory in the alga05 genome with genomes of 17 reference strains belonging to order Rhodobacterales. We…
Acidithiobacillus ferridurans is an acidophilic chemolithotrophic bacte- rium that can grow in the presence of high concentrations of ferrous iron. Here, we present the complete 2,921,399-bp genome sequence of the strain A. ferridurans JCM 18981T, isolated from uranium mine drainage water.
Streptomyces sp. strains AC1-42T and AC1-42W, isolated from bat guano from Cabalyorisa Cave, Mabini, Pangasinan, Philippines, are active against Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis KCTC 3135T. The near-complete genome sequences reported here represent a possible source of ribosomally synthesized, posttranslationally mod- ified peptides, such as lantipeptides, bacteriocins, linaridin, and a lasso peptide.