Epidemiological findings of a listeriosis outbreak in 2013 implicated Hispanic-style cheese produced by Company A, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and whole genome sequencing (WGS) were performed on clinical isolates and representative isolates collected from Company A cheese and environmental samples during the investigation. The results strengthened the evidence for cheese as the vehicle. Surveillance sampling and WGS three months later revealed that the equipment purchased by Company B from Company A yielded an environmental isolate highly similar to all outbreak isolates. The whole genome and core genome multilocus sequence typing and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analyses were compared to…
Using a novel combination of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) analysis and geographic metadata, we traced the origins of Salmonella Bareilly isolates collected in 2012 during a widespread food-borne outbreak in the United States associated with scraped tuna imported from India.Using next-generation sequencing, we sequenced the complete genome of 100 Salmonella Bareilly isolates obtained from patients who consumed contaminated product, from natural sources, and from unrelated historically and geographically disparate foods. Pathogen genomes were linked to geography by projecting the phylogeny on a virtual globe and produced a transmission network.Phylogenetic analysis of WGS data revealed a common origin for outbreak strains, indicating…
Food-borne disease is burdensome, af- fecting 1 in 6 persons or an estimated 48 million ill, 128 000 hospitalized, and 3000 deaths in the United States annually. In addition, societal costs from lost lives, lost labor, lost wages, and even lost revenue in the food industry are substan- tial. Globally the burden is even higher, and multinational outbreaks due to the global movement of contaminated foods are being described increasingly. The glo- bal food supply links nations and econo- mies, emphasizing the need to view food safety with an integrated farm-to-fork lens. As predicted, advances in molecular techniques and information…
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a foodborne pathogen. We report here the high-quality draft whole-genome sequences of five STEC strains isolated from clinical cases in the United States. This report is for STEC of serotypes O55:H7, O79:H7, O91:H14, O153:H2, and O156:H25. Copyright © 2016 Lindsey et al.
The sequences of the complete linear chromosome and 7 linear plasmids of the relapsing fever spirochete Borrelia turicatae are presented in this report. The 925,547 bp of chromosome and 380,211 bp of plasmid sequence were predicted to contain a total of 1,131 open reading frames, with an average G+C content of 29.7%. Copyright © 2016 Kingry et al.
We report here the complete genome sequences of three Legionella pneumophila isolates that are associated with a Legionnaires’ disease outbreak in New York in 2012. Two clinical isolates (D7630 and D7632) and one environmental isolate (D7631) were recovered from this outbreak. A single isolate-specific virulence gene was found in D7632. These isolates were included in a large study evaluating the genomic resolution of various bioinformatics approaches for L. pneumophila serogroup 1 isolates. Copyright © 2016 Morrison et al.
Haemophilus ducreyi causes chancroid and has recently been shown to be a significant cause of cutaneous lesions in tropical or subtropical regions where yaws is endemic. Here, we report the draft genome assemblies for 11 cutaneous strains of Haemophilus ducreyi, isolated from children in Vanuatu and Ghana. Copyright © 2016 Pillay et al.
The FDA-CDC Antimicrobial Resistance Isolate Bank was created in July 2015 as a publicly available resource to combat antimicrobial resistance. It is a curated repository of bacterial isolates with an assortment of clinically-important resistance mechanisms that have been phenotypically and genotypically characterized. In the first two years of operation, the Bank offered 14 panels comprising 496 unique isolates and had filled 486 orders from 394 institutions throughout the United States. New panels are being added. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Microbiology.
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is an important diarrheagenic pathogen. We report here the high-quality whole-genome sequences of 21 ETEC strains isolated from patients in the United States, international diarrheal surveillance studies, and cruise ship outbreaks.
Candida duobushaemulonii is a drug-resistant yeast that can cause invasive candidiasis. Here, we report the first genome sequence of C. duobushaemulonii, isolate B09383, generated using PacBio sequencing technology. The estimated genome size was 12.5?Mb with a GC content of 46.84%.
Shigella spp. are enteric pathogens that cause shigellosis. We report here the high-quality whole-genome sequences of 59 historical Shigella strains that represent the four species and a variety of serotypes.