In this ASHG 2020 PacBio Workshop Jonas Korlach, CSO, shares how the new PacBio Sequel IIe System makes highly accurate long-read sequencing easy and affordable so?all scientists can gain comprehensive views of human genomes and transcriptomes. He goes on to provide updates on the applications including human WGS for variant detection, de novo genome assembly, single-cell full-length RNA sequencing, and targeted sequencing using PCR and No-Amp methods.
Part II of The New Biology documentary. This documentary film features the wave of cutting-edge technologies that now provide the opportunity to create predictive models of living systems, and gain wisdom about the fundamental nature of life itself. The potential impact for humanity is immense: from fighting complex diseases such as cancer, enabling proactive surveillance of virulent pathogens, and increasing food crop production.
This documentary film features the wave of cutting-edge technologies that now provide the opportunity to create predictive models of living systems, and gain wisdom about the fundamental nature of life itself. The potential impact for humanity is immense: from fighting complex diseases such as cancer, enabling proactive surveillance of virulent pathogens, and increasing food crop production.
Recent advances in DNA sequencing technologies based on single-molecule detection now enable determination of full-length transcript sequences and, thus, all protein sequences in a sample. Utilizing data from this exciting technology, we have constructed customized, full-length protein databases that offer unprecedented advantages in proteomics database searching. Protein inference from bottom-up proteomics data can now be conducted using the set of correct protein sequences actually expressed in the sample, meaning that peptide identifications can be understood in the context of their corresponding full-length protein sequences. And most importantly, novel peptides or proteins originating from variations in the genome or transcriptome can…
Ulf Gyllensten from Uppsala University used SMRT Sequencing to study multi-drug-resistant bacteria. Time to results was faster than other NGS platforms and generally resulted in complete genome assemblies, even for an organism with a 70% AT-rich genome. He also applied SMRT Sequencing for the characterization of HPV subtypes, important in cervical cancer.
David Wheeler from Baylor’s Human Genome Sequencing Center presents data from matched tumor/normal pairs. His research uses SMRT Sequencing to identify structural rearrangements, like tandem duplications, finding that many of these were caused by repeat regions moving around the genome. Also: details of the new Honey-tails and Honey-spots algorithms.
Ulf Gyllensten speaks about advances in screening for HPV, his predictions for the widespread use of genome sequencing in the clinic, and applications using Single Molecule, Real-Time (SMRT) Sequencing for human genome studies.
Anne Deslattes Mays from Georgetown University presents her AGBT poster on the balancing act of discovering transcriptome isoforms. Using SMRT Sequencing to study differentiated and undifferentiated cells from human bone marrow, she analyzed full-length isoforms and confirmed unexpected findings with mass spec. She says access to unfragmented long reads allows scientists to move from transcripts to proteins.
Michael Schatz from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory talks about using SMRT Sequencing to generate the world’s best crop genome assembly, discovering thousands of gene elements that had never been seen before. He also reports on how long reads made it possible to interrogate a highly complex breast cancer cell line that was too challenging to sequence with previous platforms.
Ulf Gyllensten from Uppsala University describes his AGBT poster showing the use of SMRT Sequencing for HLA allele typing. He says long reads are essential for sequencing the HLA genes because they link exons in a single read and do not introduce bias, as short-read sequencers can. Looking at fusion transcripts from CML patients generated information that couldn’t be achieved with any other technology, he adds.
In his talk from the PacBio workshop at AGBT 2015, Dick McCombie from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory describes the use of SMRT Sequencing to analyze a breast cancer cell line with complex genomic events. Still ongoing, the project has already uncovered structural variants missed by other sequencers.
Anne Deslattes Mays from Georgetown University describes how long-read sequencing provided important biological answers after three years of short-read sequencing failed to generate enough information for her gene discovery project. She says long reads are essential for understanding alternative splicing, RNA editing, and genome rearrangements.
During this presentation from ASHG 2015, Maria Nattestad of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory described the study of a Her2-amplified breast cancer cell line using long-read sequencing from PacBio. With reads as long as 71 kb, she was able to characterize extensive and complex rearrangements and found more than 11,000 structural variants. She also used the Iso-Seq method to find gene fusions, including some novel ones.
In this webinar, the presenters describe a targeted sequencing workflow that combines Roche NimbleGen’s SeqCap EZ enrichment technology with PacBio’ SMRT Sequencing to provide a more comprehensive view of variants and haplotype information over multi-kilobase, contiguous regions. They demonstrate that 6 kb fragments can also be utilized to enrich for long fragments that extend beyond the targeted capture site and well into (and often across) the adjacent intronic regions. When combined with SMRT Sequencing, multi-kilobase genomic regions can be phased and variants, including complex structural variants, can be detected in exons, introns and intergenic regions.