Complete genome sequence of the halophilic PHA-producing bacterium Halomonas sp. SF2003: insights into its biotechnological potential.
A halophilic Gram-negative eubacterium was isolated from the Iroise Sea and identified as an efficient producer of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA). The strain, designated SF2003, was found to belong to the Halomonas genus on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. Previous biochemical tests indicated that the Halomonas sp. strain SF2003 is capable of supporting various culture conditions which sometimes can be constraining for marine strains. This versatility could be of great interest for biotechnological applications. Therefore, a complete bacterial genome sequencing and de novo assembly were performed using a PacBio RSII sequencer and Hierarchical Genome Assembly Process software in order to predict Halomonas sp. SF2003 metabolisms, and to identify genes involved in PHA production and stress tolerance. This study demonstrates the complete genome sequence of Halomonas sp. SF2003 which contains a circular 4,36 Mbp chromosome, and replaces the strain in a phylogenetic tree. Genes related to PHA metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, fatty acid metabolism and stress tolerance were identified and a comparison was made with metabolisms of relative species. Genes annotation highlighted the presence of typical genes involved in PHA biosynthesis such as phaA, phaB and phaC and enabled a preliminary analysis of their organization and characteristics. Several genes of carbohydrates and fatty acid metabolisms were also identified which provided helpful insights into both a better knowledge of the intricacies of PHA biosynthetic pathways and of production purposes. Results show the strong versatility of Halomonas sp. SF2003 to adapt to various temperatures and salinity which can subsequently be exploited for industrial applications such as PHA production.