Salt response has long been considered a polygenic-controlled character in plants. Under salt stress conditions, plants respond by activating a great amount of proteins and enzymes. To develop a better understanding of the molecular mechanism and screen salt responsive genes in chrysanthemum under salt stress, we performed the RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) on both salt-processed chrysanthemum seedling roots and the control group, and gathered six cDNA databases eventually. Moreover, to overcome the Illumina HiSeq technology's limitation on sufficient length of reads and improve the quality and accuracy of the result, we combined Illumina HiSeq with single-molecule real-time sequencing (SMRT-seq) to decode the full-length transcripts. As a result, we successfully collected 550,823 unigenes, and from which we selected 48,396 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Many of these DEGs were associated with the signal transduction, biofilm system, antioxidant system, and osmotic regulation system, such as mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), Acyl-CoA thioesterase (ACOT), superoxide (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxisomal membrane protein (PMP), and pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase (P5CR). The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis of 15 unigenes was performed to test the data validity. The results were highly consistent with the RNA-seq results. In all, these findings could facilitate further detection of the responsive molecular mechanism under salt stress. They also provided more accurate candidate genes for genetic engineering on salt-tolerant chrysanthemums.
Journal: DNA and cell biology