X

Quality Statement

Pacific Biosciences is committed to providing high-quality products that meet customer expectations and comply with regulations. We will achieve these goals by adhering to and maintaining an effective quality-management system designed to ensure product quality, performance, and safety.

X

Image Use Agreement

By downloading, copying, or making any use of the images located on this website (“Site”) you acknowledge that you have read and understand, and agree to, the terms of this Image Usage Agreement, as well as the terms provided on the Legal Notices webpage, which together govern your use of the images as provided below. If you do not agree to such terms, do not download, copy or use the images in any way, unless you have written permission signed by an authorized Pacific Biosciences representative.

Subject to the terms of this Agreement and the terms provided on the Legal Notices webpage (to the extent they do not conflict with the terms of this Agreement), you may use the images on the Site solely for (a) editorial use by press and/or industry analysts, (b) in connection with a normal, peer-reviewed, scientific publication, book or presentation, or the like. You may not alter or modify any image, in whole or in part, for any reason. You may not use any image in a manner that misrepresents the associated Pacific Biosciences product, service or technology or any associated characteristics, data, or properties thereof. You also may not use any image in a manner that denotes some representation or warranty (express, implied or statutory) from Pacific Biosciences of the product, service or technology. The rights granted by this Agreement are personal to you and are not transferable by you to another party.

You, and not Pacific Biosciences, are responsible for your use of the images. You acknowledge and agree that any misuse of the images or breach of this Agreement will cause Pacific Biosciences irreparable harm. Pacific Biosciences is either an owner or licensee of the image, and not an agent for the owner. You agree to give Pacific Biosciences a credit line as follows: "Courtesy of Pacific Biosciences of California, Inc., Menlo Park, CA, USA" and also include any other credits or acknowledgments noted by Pacific Biosciences. You must include any copyright notice originally included with the images on all copies.

IMAGES ARE PROVIDED BY Pacific Biosciences ON AN "AS-IS" BASIS. Pacific Biosciences DISCLAIMS ALL REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, NON-INFRINGEMENT, OWNERSHIP, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL Pacific Biosciences BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER WITH RESPECT TO THE IMAGES.

You agree that Pacific Biosciences may terminate your access to and use of the images located on the PacificBiosciences.com website at any time and without prior notice, if it considers you to have violated any of the terms of this Image Use Agreement. You agree to indemnify, defend and hold harmless Pacific Biosciences, its officers, directors, employees, agents, licensors, suppliers and any third party information providers to the Site from and against all losses, expenses, damages and costs, including reasonable attorneys' fees, resulting from any violation by you of the terms of this Image Use Agreement or Pacific Biosciences' termination of your access to or use of the Site. Termination will not affect Pacific Biosciences' rights or your obligations which accrued before the termination.

I have read and understand, and agree to, the Image Usage Agreement.

I disagree and would like to return to the Pacific Biosciences home page.

Pacific Biosciences
Contact:

Authors: Theethakaew, Chonchanok and Nakamura, Shota and Motooka, Daisuke and Matsuda, Shigeaki and Kodama, Toshio and Chonsin, Kaknokrat and Suthienkul, Orasa and Iida, Tetsuya

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a causative agent of acute hapatopancreatic necrosis syndrome (AHPNS) which causes early mortality in white shrimp. Emergence of AHPNS has caused tremendous economic loss for aquaculture industry particularly in Asia since 2010. Previous studies reported that strains causing AHPNS harbor a 69-kb plasmid with possession of virulence genes, pirA and pirB. However, genetic variation of the 69-kb plasmid among AHPNS related strains has not been investigated. This study aimed to analyze genetic composition and diversity of the 69-kb plasmid in strains isolated from shrimps affected by AHPNS. Plasmids recovered from V. parahaemolyticus strain VPE61 which represented typical AHPNS pathogenicity, strain VP2HP which did not represent AHPNS pathogenicity but was isolated from AHPNS affected shrimp and other AHPNS V. parahaemolyticus isolates in Genbank were investigated. Protein coding genes of the 69-kb plasmid from the strain VPE61 were identical to that of AHPNS strain from Vietnam except the inverted complement 3.4-kb transposon covering pirA and pirB. The strain VP2HP possessed remarkable large 183-kb plasmid which shared similar protein coding genes to those of the 69-kb plasmid from strain VPE61. However, the 3.4-kb transposon covering pirA and pirB was absent from the 183-kb plasmid in strain VP2HP. A number of protein coding genes from the 183-kb plasmid were also detected in other AHPNS strains. In summary, this study identified a novel 183-kb plasmid that is related to AHPNS causing strains. Homologous recombination of the 69-kb AHPNS plasmid and other naturally occurring plasmids together with loss and gain of AHPNS virulence genes in V. parahaemolyticus were observed. The outcome of this research enables understanding of plasmid dynamics that possibly affect variable degrees of AHPNS pathogenicity. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Journal: Infection, genetics and evolution
DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2017.04.007
Year: 2017

Read Publication

 

Press Release

Pacific Biosciences Announces New Chief Financial Officer

Monday, September 14, 2020

Stay
Current

Visit our blog »