July 7, 2019  |  

Luteipulveratus halotolerans sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium (Dermacoccaceae) from Sarawak, Malaysia.

Authors: Juboi, Holed and Basik, Ann Anni and Shamsul, Sunita Sara Gill and Arnold, Phil and Schmitt, Esther K and Sanglier, Jean-Jacques and Yeo, Tiong Chia

The taxonomic position of an actinobacterium strain, C296001T, isolated from a soil sample collected in Sarawak, Malaysia, was established using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetically, strain C296001T is closely associated with the genus Luteipulveratus that forms a distinct monophyletic clade with the only described species, L. mongoliensis NBRC 105296T. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain C296001T and L. mongoliensis is 98.7%. DNA-DNA hybridization results showed that the relatedness of strain C296001T to L. mongoliensis was only 21.5%. The G+C content of strain C296001T DNA is 71.7 mol%. Using a PacBio RS II system whole genome sequences for strains C296001T and NBRC 105296T were obtained. The determined genome sizes of 4.5 Mbps and 5.4 Mbps are similar to those of other Dermacoccaceae. The cell-wall peptidoglycan containing lysine, alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid and serine represents the peptidoglycan type A4a L-Lys-L-Ser-D-Asp. The major menaquinones are MK-8(H4), MK-8, and MK-8(H2). Phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphoglycolipid are the polar lipids, while the whole-cell sugars are glucose, fucose and lower amount of ribose and galactose. The major fatty acids are iso-C16:0, anteiso-C17:0, iso-C16:1 H, anteiso-C17:1 ?9c, iso-C18:0, and C17:0 10-methyl. Chemotaxonomic analyses showed that C296001T had typical characteristics of members of the genus Luteipulveratus, with the main differences occurring in phenotypic characteristics. Based on the phenotypic and chemotaxonomic evidence, it is proposed that strain C296001T be classified as a novel species in the genus Luteipulveratus, for which the name Luteipulveratus halotolerans sp. nov. is recommended. The type strain is C296001T (=ATCC TSD-4T =JCM 30660T).

Journal: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
DOI: 10.1099/ijsem.0.000548
Year: 2015

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