July 7, 2019  |  

Genomic patterns of de novo mutation in simplex autism.

Authors: Turner, Tychele N and Coe, Bradley P and Dickel, Diane E and Hoekzema, Kendra and Nelson, Bradley J and Zody, Michael C and Kronenberg, Zev N and Hormozdiari, Fereydoun and Raja, Archana and Pennacchio, Len A and Darnell, Robert B and Eichler, Evan E

To further our understanding of the genetic etiology of autism, we generated and analyzed genome sequence data from 516 idiopathic autism families (2,064 individuals). This resource includes >59 million single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) and 9,212 private copy number variants (CNVs), of which 133,992 and 88 are de novo mutations (DNMs), respectively. We estimate a mutation rate of ~1.5 × 10(-8) SNVs per site per generation with a significantly higher mutation rate in repetitive DNA. Comparing probands and unaffected siblings, we observe several DNM trends. Probands carry more gene-disruptive CNVs and SNVs, resulting in severe missense mutations and mapping to predicted fetal brain promoters and embryonic stem cell enhancers. These differences become more pronounced for autism genes (p = 1.8 × 10(-3), OR = 2.2). Patients are more likely to carry multiple coding and noncoding DNMs in different genes, which are enriched for expression in striatal neurons (p = 3 × 10(-3)), suggesting a path forward for genetically characterizing more complex cases of autism. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Journal: Cell
DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2017.08.047
Year: 2017

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