Pedobacter steynii DX4, isolated from Qinghai-Tibet plateau, exhibited capability to effectively degrade crude oil at low temperature. In order to illustrate its biodegradation mechanism, whole genome and transcriptome sequencing were performed. It is the first genome of crude oil degrading strain in Pedobacter genus. The P. steynii DX4 genome consists of a single circular chromosome of 6,581,659 bp with an average G+C content of 41.31% and encodes 5464 genes in all. GIs were predicted and comparison analysis was performed between relative species. Genome annotation predicted several hydrocarbon oxygenases, chemotaxis proteins and biosurfactant synthetases. The transcriptional sequences profiled a lot of differently expressed genes when cells respectively grown on crude oil and pyruvate mediums. Crude oil significantly stimulated the expression of the genes related to the hydrocarbon oxidation and resparitory chain. Genomic and transcriptomic analysis of P. steynii DX4 have revealed the machenism of the crude oil degradation in Pedobacter steynii DX4 and provided us with valuable knowledge base to make effective strategy to mitigate the ecological damage caused by crude oil pollution.
Journal: Journal of residuals science & technology