Frogeye leaf spot, caused by Cercospora sojina Hara, is a common disease of soybean in most soybean-growing countries of the world. In this study, we report a high-quality genome sequence of C. sojina by Single Molecule Real-Time sequencing method. The 40.8-Mb genome encodes 11,655 predicated genes, and 8,474 genes are revealed by RNA sequencing. Cercospora sojina genome contains large numbers of gene clusters that are involved in synthesis of secondary metabolites, including mycotoxins and pigments. However, much less carbohydrate-binding module protein encoding genes are identified in C. sojina genome, when compared with other phytopathogenic fungi. Bioinformatics analysis reveals that C. sojina harbours about 752 secreted proteins, and 233 of them are effectors. During early infection, the genes for metabolite biosynthesis and effectors are significantly enriched, suggesting that they may play essential roles in pathogenicity. We further identify 13 effectors that can inhibit BAX-induced cell death. Taken together, our results provide insights into the infection mechanisms of C. sojina on soybean.© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Kazusa DNA Research Institute.
Journal: DNA research