Plasmopara viticola causes downy mildew disease of grapevine which is one of the most devastating diseases of viticulture worldwide. Here we report a 101.3?Mb whole genome sequence of P. viticola isolate 'JL-7-2' obtained by a combination of Illumina and PacBio sequencing technologies. The P. viticola genome contains 17,014 putative protein-coding genes and has ~26% repetitive sequences. A total of 1,301 putative secreted proteins, including 100 putative RXLR effectors and 90 CRN effectors were identified in this genome. In the secretome, 261 potential pathogenicity genes and 95 carbohydrate-active enzymes were predicted. Transcriptional analysis revealed that most of the RXLR effectors, pathogenicity genes and carbohydrate-active enzymes were significantly up-regulated during infection. Comparative genomic analysis revealed that P. viticola evolved independently from the Arabidopsis downy mildew pathogen Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis. The availability of the P. viticola genome provides a valuable resource not only for comparative genomic analysis and evolutionary studies among oomycetes, but also enhance our knowledge on the mechanism of interactions between this biotrophic pathogen and its host.
Journal: Scientific reports