Third generation sequencing (TGS) are highly promising technologies but the long and noisy reads from TGS are difficult to align using existing algorithms. Here, we present COSINE, a conceptually new method designed specifically for aligning long reads contaminated by a high level of errors. COSINE computes the context similarity of two stretches of nucleobases given the similarity over distributions of their short k-mers (k = 3-4) along the sequences. The results on simulated and real data show that COSINE achieves high sensitivity and specificity under a wide range of read accuracies. When the error rate is high, COSINE can offer substantial advantages over existing alignment methods.© The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.
Journal: Nucleic acids research