July 7, 2019  |  

Complete genome of the starch-degrading myxobacteria Sandaracinus amylolyticus DSM 53668T.

Authors: Sharma, Gaurav and Khatri, Indu and Subramanian, Srikrishna

Myxobacteria are members of d-proteobacteria and are typified by large genomes, well-coordinated social behavior, gliding motility, and starvation-induced fruiting body formation. Here, we report the 10.33 Mb whole genome of a starch-degrading myxobacterium Sandaracinus amylolyticus DSM 53668(T) that encodes 8,962 proteins, 56 tRNA, and two rRNA operons. Phylogenetic analysis, in silico DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity reveal its divergence from other myxobacterial species and support its taxonomic characterization into a separate family Sandaracinaceae, within the suborder Sorangiineae. Sequence similarity searches using the Carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZyme) database help identify the enzyme repertoire of S. amylolyticus involved in starch, agar, chitin, and cellulose degradation. We identified 16 a-amylases and two ?-amylases in the S. amylolyticus genome that likely play a role in starch degradation. While many of the amylases are seen conserved in other d-proteobacteria, we notice several novel amylases acquired via horizontal transfer from members belonging to phylum Deinococcus-Thermus, Acidobacteria, and Cyanobacteria. No agar degrading enzyme(s) were identified in the S. amylolyticus genome. Interestingly, several putative ß-glucosidases and endoglucanases proteins involved in cellulose degradation were identified. However, the absence of cellobiohydrolases/exoglucanases corroborates with the lack of cellulose degradation by this bacteria. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution.

Journal: Genome biology and evolution
DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evw151
Year: 2016

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