The objective of this study was to conduct a comparative analysis with reported IncR plasmids of a Klebsiella pneumoniae IncR plasmid carrying an MDR region.MDR K. pneumoniae isolates were serially identified from two inpatients at a hospital in the USA in 2014. MDR plasmid pYDC676 was fully sequenced, annotated and compared with related plasmids. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing, PFGE and MLST were also conducted.The K. pneumoniae isolates were identical by PFGE, belonged to ST37 and harboured an identical ~50 kb IncR plasmid (pYDC676). pYDC676 possessed the backbone and multi-IS loci closely related to IncR plasmids reported from aquatic bacteria, as well as animal and human K. pneumoniae strains, and carried an MDR region consisting of armA, blaDHA-1 and qnrB4, a combination that has been reported in IncR plasmids from K. pneumoniae ST11 strains in Europe and Asia. A plasmid with the identical IncR backbone and a similar MDR region containing blaDHA-1 and qnrB4 has also been reported in ST37 strains from Europe, suggesting potential dissemination of this lineage of IncR plasmids in K. pneumoniae ST37.K. pneumoniae ST37 strains with an MDR IncR plasmid carrying armA, blaDHA-1 and qnrB4 were identified in a hospital in the USA, where these resistance genes remain rare. The IncR backbone may play a role in the global dissemination of these resistance genes.© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: email@example.com.
Journal: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy