Bis-(3'?5') cyclic dimeric guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) is defined as a highly versatile secondary messenger in bacteria, coordinating diverse aspects of bacterial growth and behavior, including motility and biofilm formation. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens PG12 is an effective biocontrol agent against apple ring rot caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea. In this study, we characterized the core regulators of c-di-GMP turnover in B. amyloliquefaciens PG12. Using bioinformatic analysis, heterologous expression and biochemical characterization of knockout and overexpression derivatives, we identified and characterized two active diguanylate cyclases (which catalyze c-di-GMP biosynthesis), YhcK and YtrP and one active c-di-GMP phosphodiesterase (which degrades c-di-GMP), YuxH. Furthermore, we showed that elevating c-di-GMP levels up to a certain threshold inhibited the swimming motility of B. amyloliquefaciens PG12. Although yhcK, ytrP and yuxH knockout mutants did not display defects in biofilm formation, significant increases in c-di-GMP levels induced by YtrP or YuxH overexpression stimulated biofilm formation in B. amyloliquefaciens PG12. Our results indicate that B. amyloliquefaciens possesses a functional c-di-GMP signaling system that influences the bacterium's motility and ability to form biofilms. Since motility and biofilm formation influence the efficacy of biological control agent, our work provides a basis for engineering a more effective strain of B. amyloliquefaciens PG12. Copyright © 2018 Institut Pasteur. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Journal: Research in microbiology