September 22, 2019  |  

Assessing the gene content of the megagenome: sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana).

Authors: Gonzalez-Ibeas, Daniel and Martinez-Garcia, Pedro J and Famula, Randi A and Delfino-Mix, Annette and Stevens, Kristian A and Loopstra, Carol A and Langley, Charles H and Neale, David B and Wegrzyn, Jill L

Sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana Douglas) is within the subgenus Strobus with an estimated genome size of 31 Gbp. Transcriptomic resources are of particular interest in conifers due to the challenges presented in their megagenomes for gene identification. In this study, we present the first comprehensive survey of the P. lambertiana transcriptome through deep sequencing of a variety of tissue types to generate more than 2.5 billion short reads. Third generation, long reads generated through PacBio Iso-Seq has been included for the first time in conifers to combat the challenges associated with de novo transcriptome assembly. A technology comparison is provided here contribute to the otherwise scarce comparisons of 2nd and 3rd generation transcriptome sequencing approaches in plant species. In addition, the transcriptome reference was essential for gene model identification and quality assessment in the parallel project responsible for sequencing and assembly of the entire genome. In this study, the transcriptomic data was also used to address some of the questions surrounding lineage-specific Dicer-like proteins in conifers. These proteins play a role in the control of transposable element proliferation and the related genome expansion in conifers. Copyright © 2016 Author et al.

Journal: G3
DOI: 10.1534/g3.116.032805
Year: 2016

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