Third-generation sequencing (TGS) has led to a brave new revolution in detecting genetic diseases over the last few years. TGS has been rapidly developed for genetic disease applications owing to its significant advantages such as long read length, rapid detection, and precise detection of complex and rare structural variants. This approach greatly improves the efficiency of disease diagnosis and complements the shortcomings of short-read sequencing. In this paper, we first briefly introduce the working mechanism of one of the most important representatives of TGS, single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing by Pacific Bioscience (PacBio), followed by a review and comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of different sequencing technologies. Finally, we focused on the progress of SMRT sequencing applications in genetic disease detection. Future perspectives on the applications of TGS in other fields were also presented. With the continuous innovation of the SMRT technologies and the expansion of their fields of application, SMRT sequencing has broad clinical application prospects in genetic diseases detection, and is expected to become an important tool for the molecular diagnosis of other diseases.
Journal: Science Direct