Streptomyces autolyticus CGMCC 0516 produces the anti-tumor benzoquinone ansamycins geldanamycin, autolytimycin, and reblastatin and the 16-membered macrodiolide elaiophylin. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of S. autolyticus CGMCC 0516, which consists of a 10,029,028bp linear chromosome and seven circular plasmids. Fifty-seven putative biosynthetic gene clusters for secondary metabolites were found. The geldanamycin, autolytimycin, and reblastatin biosynthetic gene clusters were located on the left arm (2.06-2.15Mb) of the chromosome, and the elaiophylin gene cluster was located on the right arm (9.45-9.53Mb). Twenty-one putative gene clusters with high or moderate similarity to important antibiotic biosynthetic gene clusters were found, including the antitumor agents echoside, bafilomycin, hygrocin, and toxoflavin; the antibacterial/antifungal agents nigericin, skyllamycin, kanamycin, naphthomycin, eco-02301, and bottromycin A2; the immunosuppressants meridamycin and brasilicardin A; the anti-inflammatory agent cyclooctatin; and the acute iron poisoning medication desferrioxamine B. The genome sequence reported here will enable us to study the biosynthetic mechanism of these important antibiotics and will facilitate the discovery of novel secondary metabolites with potential applications to human health. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Journal: Journal of biotechnology