Oryza meridionalis is an AA genome species found in Northern Australia. Phylogenetic analysis places this as the most distant of the AA genome species from domesticated rice (Oryza sativa). This makes it a key genetic resource for rice improvement. A draft nuclear genome sequence is available, and also the chloroplast genome has been sequenced from many genotypes. The high amylose starch content in these taxa may be useful for developing new rice grain characteristics. Here we have reviewed the all the research advancements that are made till today on this species.