Eucommia ulmoides is an important traditional medicinal plant that is used for the production of locative Eucommia rubber. In this study, the complete chloroplast (cp) genome sequence of E. ulmoides was obtained by total DNA sequencing; this is the first cp genome sequence of the order Garryales. The cp genome of E. ulmoides was 163,341 bp long and included a pair of inverted repeat (IR) regions (31,300 bp), one large single copy (LSC) region (86,592 bp), and one small single copy (SSC) region (14,149 bp). The genome structure and GC content were similar to those of typical angiosperm cp genomes and contained 115 unique genes, including 80 protein-coding genes, 31 transfer RNA (tRNAs), and four ribosomal RNA (rRNAs). Compared with the entire cp genome sequence, three unique genome rearrangements were observed in the LSC region. Moreover, compared with the Sesamum and Nicotiana cp genomes, E. ulmoides contained no indels in the IR regions, and variable regions were identified in noncoding regions. The E. ulmoides cp genome showed extreme expansion at the IR/SSC boundary owing to the integration of an additional complete gene, ycf1. Twenty-nine simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified in the E. ulmoides cp genome. In addition, 36 protein-coding genes were used for phylogenetic inference, supporting a sister relationship between E. ulmoides and Aucuba, which belongs to Euasterids I. In summary, we described the complete cp genome sequence of E. ulmoides; this information will be useful for phylogenetic and evolutionary studies.
Journal: Tree genetics & genomes