Next-generation sequencing and traditional Sanger sequencing methods are of great significance in unraveling the complexity of plant genomes. These are constantly generating heaps of sequence data to be analyzed, annotated and stored. This has created a revolutionary demand for bioinformatics tools and software that can perform these functions. A large number of potentially useful bioinformatics tools and plant genome databases are created that have greatly simplified the analysis and storage of vast amounts of sequence data. The information garnered using the available bioinformatics methods have greatly helped in understanding the plant genome structure. Despite the availability of a good number of such tools, the information pouring from single gene-sequencing, and various whole-genome sequencing projects is overwhelming; thus, further innovations and improved methods are needed to sift through this sequence data, and assemble genomes. The current review focuses on diverse bioinformatics approaches and methods developed to systematically analyze and store plant sequence data. Finally, it outlines the bottlenecks in plant genome analysis, and some possible solutions that could be utilized to overcome the problems associated with plant genome analysis.
Journal: Current plant biology