July 7, 2019  |  

Pseudoautosomal region 1 length polymorphism in the human population.

Authors: Mensah, Martin A and Hestand, Matthew S and Larmuseau, Maarten H D and Isrie, Mala and Vanderheyden, Nancy and Declercq, Matthias and Souche, Erika L and Van Houdt, Jeroen and Stoeva, Radka and Van Esch, Hilde and Devriendt, Koen and Voet, Thierry and Decorte, Ronny and Robinson, Peter N and Vermeesch, Joris R

The human sex chromosomes differ in sequence, except for the pseudoautosomal regions (PAR) at the terminus of the short and the long arms, denoted as PAR1 and PAR2. The boundary between PAR1 and the unique X and Y sequences was established during the divergence of the great apes. During a copy number variation screen, we noted a paternally inherited chromosome X duplication in 15 independent families. Subsequent genomic analysis demonstrated that an insertional translocation of X chromosomal sequence into theMa Y chromosome generates an extended PAR. The insertion is generated by non-allelic homologous recombination between a 548 bp LTR6B repeat within the Y chromosome PAR1 and a second LTR6B repeat located 105 kb from the PAR boundary on the X chromosome. The identification of the reciprocal deletion on the X chromosome in one family and the occurrence of the variant in different chromosome Y haplogroups demonstrate this is a recurrent genomic rearrangement in the human population. This finding represents a novel mechanism shaping sex chromosomal evolution.

Journal: PLoS genetics
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004578
Year: 2014

Read publication

Talk with an expert

If you have a question, need to check the status of an order, or are interested in purchasing an instrument, we're here to help.