To provide detailed genetic characterization of four novel blaIMP-carrying transposons from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae and an Enterobacter sp.P. aeruginosa 60512, K. pneumoniae 447, P. aeruginosa 12939 and Enterobacter sp. A1137 were subjected to genome sequencing. The complete nucleotide sequences of two plasmids (p60512-IMP from the 60512 isolate and p447-IMP from the 447 isolate) and two chromosomes (the 12939 and A1137 isolates) were determined, then a genomic comparison of p60512-IMP, p447-IMP and four novel blaIMP-carrying transposons (Tn6394, Tn6375, Tn6411 and Tn6397) with related sequences was performed. Transferability of the blaIMP gene and bacterial antimicrobial susceptibility were tested.Tn6394 and Tn6375 were located in p60512-IMP and p447-IMP, respectively, while Tn6411 and Tn6397 were integrated into the 12939 and A1137 chromosomes, respectively. Tn6394 was an ISPa17-based transposition unit that harboured the integron In992 (carrying blaIMP-1). In73 (carrying blaIMP-8), In73 and In992, together with the ISEcp1:IS1R-blaCTX-M-14-IS903D unit, the macAB-tolC region and the truncated aacC2-tmrB region, respectively, were integrated into the prototype transposons Tn1722, Tn1696 and Tn7, respectively, generating the Tn3-family unit transposons, Tn6375 and Tn6378, and the Tn7-family unit transposon Tn6411, respectively. Tn6397 was a large integrative and conjugative element carrying Tn6378.Complex events of transposition and homologous recombination have occurred during the original formation and further plasmid and chromosomal integration of these four transposons, promoting accumulation and spread of antimicrobial resistance genes.
Journal: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy