September 22, 2019  |  

Large scale changes in host methylation patterns induced by IncA/C plasmid transformation in Vibrio cholerae

Authors: Wang, Ruibai and Wan, Kanglin

DNA methylation is a central epigenetic modification and has diverse biological functions in eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms alike. The IncA/C plasmid genomes are approximately 150kb in length and harbour three methylase genes, two of which demonstrate cytosine specificity. Transformation of the Vibrio cholerae strain C6706 with the IncA/C plasmid pVC211 resulted in a significant relabelling of the methylation patterns on the host chromosomes. The new methylation patterns induced by transformation with IncA/C plasmid were accepted by the restriction enzymes of the hosttextquoterights restriction modification (RM) system. These data uncover a novel mechanism by which plasmids can be compatible with a hosttextquoterights RM system and suggest a possible reason that plasmids of the IncA/C family are broad-host-range.

Journal: BioRxiv
DOI: 10.1101/399964
Year: 2018

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