We previously revealed that the Chrysanthemum boreale genome is highly repetitive; however, the types and nucleotide sequences of repetitive DNA in this diploid wild chrysanthemum are not known. Here, we characterized repetitive DNA sequences in the C. boreale genome by analysing genomic sequences obtained by Illumina sequencing and confirmed their repetitive nature by conducting fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses. Annotation of the obtained DNA sequences revealed that microsatellite-containing genomic sequences exhibited similarity with genomic sequences in Chrysanthemum morifolium, indicating sequence conservation of repetitive DNA sequences between the two Chrysanthemum species. Two superfamilies of repetitive DNA, Copia and Gypsy, belonging to the long-terminal repeat (LTR) class of retrotransposons, are abundant in the C. boreale genome. We propose that Copia and Gypsy retroelements contribute to the current genome architecture of C. boreale. Whole genome sequencing, which is currently in progress, will reveal the extent to which these repetitive DNA sequences contribute.
Journal: Scientia horticulturae