November 22, 2022  |  Microbiome

HiFi metagenomic sequencing enables assembly of accurate and complete genomes from human gut microbiota

Authors: Kim, Chan Yeong and Ma, Junyeong and Lee, Insuk

Advances in metagenomic assembly have led to the discovery of genomes belonging to uncultured microorganisms. Metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) often suffer from fragmentation and chimerism. Recently, 20 complete MAGs (cMAGs) have been assembled from Oxford Nanopore long-read sequencing of 13 human fecal samples, but with low nucleotide accuracy. Here, we report 102 cMAGs obtained by Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) high-accuracy long-read (HiFi) metagenomic sequencing of five human fecal samples, whose initial circular contigs were selected for complete prokaryotic genomes using our bioinformatics workflow. Nucleotide accuracy of the final cMAGs was as high as that of Illumina sequencing. The cMAGs could exceed 6 Mbp and included complete genomes of diverse taxa, including entirely uncultured RF39 and TANB77 orders. Moreover, cMAGs revealed that regions hard to assemble by short-read sequencing comprised mostly genomic islands and rRNAs. HiFi metagenomic sequencing will facilitate cataloging accurate and complete genomes from complex microbial communities, including uncultured species.

Journal: Nature Communications
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-34149-0
Year: 2022

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