Marine actinobacterium Streptomyces xinghaiensis NRRL B-24674T has been characterized as a novel species, but thus far, its biosynthetic potential remains unexplored. In this study, the high-quality genome sequence of S. xinghaiensis NRRL B-24674T was obtained, and the production of anticomplement agents, xiamycin analogs, and siderophores was investigated by genome mining. Anticomplement compounds are valuable for combating numerous diseases caused by the abnormal activation of the human complement system. The biosynthetic gene cluster (BGC) nrps1 resembles that of complestatins, which are potent microbial-derived anticomplement agents. The identification of the nrps1 BGC revealed a core peptide that differed from that in complestatin; thus, we studied the anticomplement activity of this strain. The culture broth of S. xinghaiensis NRRL B-24674T displayed good anticomplement activity. Subsequently, the disruption of the genes in the nrps1 BGC resulted in the loss of anticomplement activity, confirming the involvement of this BGC in the biosynthesis of anticomplement agents. In addition, the mining of the BGC tep5, which resembles that of the antiviral pentacyclic indolosesquiterpene xiamycin, resulted in the discovery of nine xiamycin analogs, including three novel compounds. In addition to the BGCs responsible for desferrioxamine B, neomycin, ectoine, and carotenoid, 18 BGCs present in the genome are predicted to be novel. The results of this study unveil the potential of S. xinghaiensis as a producer of novel anticomplement agents and provide a basis for further exploration of the biosynthetic potential of S. xinghaiensis NRRL B-24674T for the discovery of novel bioactive compounds by genome mining.
Journal: Applied microbiology and biotechnology