September 22, 2019  |  

Establishment of a dual-wavelength spectrophotometric method for analysing and detecting carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae.

Authors: Takeuchi, Dan and Akeda, Yukihiro and Sugawara, Yo and Sakamoto, Noriko and Yamamoto, Norihisa and Shanmugakani, Rathina Kumar and Ishihara, Takuma and Shintani, Ayumi and Tomono, Kazunori and Hamada, Shigeyuki

The spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) is an increasing global public health concern. The development of simple and reliable methods for CPE detection is required in the clinical setting. This study aimed to establish a dual-wavelength measurement method using an ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer to rapidly quantify imipenem hydrolysis in bacterial cell suspensions. The hydrolytic activities of 148 strains including various CPE strains (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter cloacae, and Enterobacter aerogenes containing the blaIMP, blaKPC, blaNDM, blaOXA, and blaVIM genes) were measured and analysed. A cut-off value was obtained for differentiation between CPE and non-CPE strains, and the method had high sensitivity (100%) and specificity (100%) within 60?min. Our system has potential clinical applications in detecting CPE.

Journal: Scientific reports
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33883-0
Year: 2018

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