July 7, 2019  |  

Epigenetic mechanisms in microbial members of the human microbiota: current knowledge and perspectives.

Authors: Cureau, Natacha and AlJahdali, Nesreen and Vo, Nguyen and Carbonero, Franck

The human microbiota and epigenetic processes have both been shown to play a crucial role in health and disease. However, there is extremely scarce information on epigenetic modulation of microbiota members except for a few pathogens. Mainly DNA adenine methylation has been described extensively in modulating the virulence of pathogenic bacteria in particular. It would thus appear likely that such mechanisms are widespread for most bacterial members of the microbiota. This review will present briefly the current knowledge on epigenetic processes in bacteria, give examples of known methylation processes in microbial members of the human microbiota and summarize the knowledge on regulation of host epigenetic processes by the human microbiota.

Journal: Epigenomics
DOI: 10.2217/epi-2016-0057
Year: 2016

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