September 22, 2019  |  

Complex rearrangements and oncogene amplifications revealed by long-read DNA and RNA sequencing of a breast cancer cell line.

Authors: Nattestad, Maria and Goodwin, Sara and Ng, Karen and Baslan, Timour and Sedlazeck, Fritz J and Rescheneder, Philipp and Garvin, Tyler and Fang, Han and Gurtowski, James and Hutton, Elizabeth and Tseng, Elizabeth and Chin, Chen-Shan and Beck, Timothy and Sundaravadanam, Yogi and Kramer, Melissa and Antoniou, Eric and McPherson, John D and Hicks, James and McCombie, W Richard and Schatz, Michael C

The SK-BR-3 cell line is one of the most important models for HER2+ breast cancers, which affect one in five breast cancer patients. SK-BR-3 is known to be highly rearranged, although much of the variation is in complex and repetitive regions that may be underreported. Addressing this, we sequenced SK-BR-3 using long-read single molecule sequencing from Pacific Biosciences and develop one of the most detailed maps of structural variations (SVs) in a cancer genome available, with nearly 20,000 variants present, most of which were missed by short-read sequencing. Surrounding the important ERBB2 oncogene (also known as HER2), we discover a complex sequence of nested duplications and translocations, suggesting a punctuated progression. Full-length transcriptome sequencing further revealed several novel gene fusions within the nested genomic variants. Combining long-read genome and transcriptome sequencing enables an in-depth analysis of how SVs disrupt the genome and sheds new light on the complex mechanisms involved in cancer genome evolution.© 2018 Nattestad et al.; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Journal: Genome research
DOI: 10.1101/gr.231100.117
Year: 2018

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