Leuconostoc citreum is an important lactic acid bacterium used as a starter culture for producing kimchi, the traditional Korean fermented vegetables. An efficient host strain for plasmid transformation, L. citreum EFEL2700, was isolated from kimchi, and it has been frequently used for genetic engineering of L. citreum. In this study, we report the whole genome sequence of the strain and its genetic characteristics. Genome assembly yielded 5 contigs (1 chromosome and 4 plasmids), and the complete genome contained 1,923,830 base pairs (bp) with a G?+?C content of 39.0%. Average nucleotide identity analysis showed high homology (= 99%) to the reference strain L. citreum KM 20. The smallest plasmid (4.3 kbp) was used as an Escherichia coli shuttle vector (pCB) for heterologous gene expression, and L. citreum EFEL2700 showed the highest transformation efficiency, 6.7?×?104 CFU µg-1 DNA. Genetic analysis of the genome enabled the construction of primary metabolic pathway showing a typical hetero-type lactic acid fermentation. Notably, no core genes for primary metabolism were observed in plasmid 4 and it could be eliminated to create an efficient host for gene transformation. This report will facilitate the understanding and application of L. citreum EFEL2700 as a food-grade microbial cell factory.Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Journal: Journal of biotechnology