Chinese strong-flavor liquor (CSFL), accounting for more than 70% of both Chinese liquor production and sales, was produced by complex fermentation with pit mud. Clostridium kluyveri, an important species coexisted with other microorganisms in fermentation pit mud (FPM), could produce caproic acid, which was subsequently converted to the key CSFL flavor substance ethyl caproate. In this study, we present the first complete genome sequence of C. kluyveri isolated from FPM. Clostridium kluyveri JZZ contains one circular chromosome and one circular plasmid with length of 4,454,353 and 58,581 bp, respectively. 4158 protein-coding genes were predicted and 2792 genes could be assigned with COG categories. It possesses the pathway predicted for biosynthesis of caproic acid with ethanol. Compared to other two C. kluyveri genomes, JZZ consists of longer chromosome with multiple gene rearrangements, and contains more genes involved in defense mechanisms, as well as DNA replication, recombination, and repair. Meanwhile, JZZ contains fewer genes involved in secondary metabolites biosynthesis, transport, and catabolism, including genes encoding Polyketide Synthases/Non-ribosomal Peptide Synthetases. Additionally, JZZ possesses 960 unique genes with relatively aggregating in defense mechanisms and transcription. Our study will be available for further research about C. kluyveri isolated from FPM, and will also facilitate the genetic engineering to increase biofuel production and improve fragrance flavor of CSFL.
Journal: Current microbiology