Actinomycete bacteria isolated from freshwater environments are an unexplored source of natural products. Here we report the complete genome of the Great Lakes-derived Micromonospora sp. strain B006, revealing its potential for natural product biosynthesis. The 7-megabase pair chromosome of strain B006 was sequenced using Illumina and Oxford Nanopore technologies followed by Sanger sequencing to close remaining gaps. All identified biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) were manually curated. Five known BGCs were identified encoding desferrioxamine, alkyl- O-dihydrogeranylmethoxyhydroquinone, a spore pigment, sioxanthin, and diazepinomicin, which is currently in phase II clinical trials to treat Phelan-McDermid syndrome and co-morbid epilepsy. We report here that strain B006 is indeed a producer of diazepinomicin and at yields higher than previously reported. Moreover, 11 of the 16 identified BGCs are orphan, eight of which were transcriptionally active under the culture condition tested. Orphan BGCs include an enediyne polyketide synthase and an uncharacteristically large, 36-module polyketide synthase-nonribosomal peptide synthetase BGC. We developed a genetics system for Micromonospora sp. B006 that will contribute to deorphaning BGCs in the future. This study is one of the few attempts to report the biosynthetic capacity of a freshwater-derived actinomycete and highlights this resource as a potential reservoir for new natural products.
Journal: Journal of natural products