Members of the family Clostridiaceae within phylum Firmicutes are ubiquitous in various iron-reducing environments. However, genomic data on iron-reducing bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae, particularly regarding their environmental distribution, are limited. Here, we report the analysis and comparison of the genomic properties of Geosporobacter ferrireducens IRF9, a strict anaerobe that ferments sugars and degrades toluene under iron-reducing conditions, with those of the closely related species, Geosporobacter subterraneus DSM 17957. Putative alkyl succinate synthase-encoding genes were observed in the genome of strain IRF9 instead of the typical benzyl succinate synthase-encoding genes. Canonical genes associated with iron reduction were not observed in either genome. The genomes of strains IRF9 and DMS 17957 harbored genes for acetogenesis, that encode two types of Rnf complexes mediating the translocation of H+ and Na+ ions, respectively. Strain IRF9 harbored two different types of ATPases (Na+-dependent F-type ATPase and H+-dependent V-type ATPase), which enable full exploitation of ion gradients. The versatile energy conservation potential of strain IRF9 promotes its survival in various environmental conditions.
Journal: Journal of microbiology