We recently reported the complete sequence of a blaKPC-2- and rmtB-carrying IncFII-family plasmid p675920-1 with the pKPC-LK30/pHN7A8 hybrid structure. Comparative genomics of additional sequenced plasmids with similar hybrid structures and their prevalence in blaKPC-carrying Klebsiella pneumoniae strains from China were investigated in this follow-up study.A total of 51 blaKPC-carrying K. pneumoniae strains were isolated from 2012 to 2016 from five Chinese hospitals and genotyped by multilocus sequence typing. The blaKPC-carrying plasmids from four representative strains were sequenced and compared with p675920-1 and pCT-KPC. Plasmid transfer, carbapenemase activity determination, and bacterial antimicrobial susceptibility test were performed to characterize resistance phenotypes mediated by these plasmids. The prevalence of pCT-KPC-like plasmids in these blaKPC-carrying K. pneumoniae strains was screened by PCR.The six KPC-encoding plasmids p1068-KPC, p20049-KPC, p12139-KPC and p64917-KPC (sequenced in this study) and p675920-1 and pCT-KPC slightly differed from one another due to deletion and acquisition of various backbone and accessory regions. Two major accessory resistance regions, which included the blaKPC-2 region harboring blaKPC-2 (carbapenem resistance) and blaSHV-12 (ß-lactam resistance), and the MDR region carrying rmtB (aminoglycoside resistance), fosA3 (fosfomycin resistance), blaTEM-1B (ß-lactam resistance) and blaCTX-M-65 (ß-lactam resistance), were found in each of these six plasmids and exhibited several parallel evolution routes. The pCT-KPC-like plasmids were present in all the 51 K. pneumoniae isolates, all of which belonged to CG258.There was clonal dissemination of K. pneumoniae CG258 strains, harboring blaKPC-2- and rmtB-carrying IncFII-family pKPC-LK30/pHN7A8 hybrid plasmids, among multiple Chinese hospitals.
Journal: Infection and drug resistance