July 7, 2019  |  

Chromosome assembly of large and complex genomes using multiple references

Authors: Kolmogorov, Mikhail and Armstrong, Joel and Raney, Brian J. and Streeter, Ian and Dunn, Matthew and Yang, Fengtang and Odom, Duncan and Flicek, Paul and Keane, Thomas and Thybert, David and Paten, Benedict and Pham, Son

Despite the rapid development of sequencing technologies, assembly of mammalian-scale genomes into complete chromosomes remains one of the most challenging problems in bioinformatics. To help address this difficulty, we developed Ragout, a reference-assisted assembly tool that now works for large and complex genomes. Taking one or more target assemblies (generated from an NGS assembler) and one or multiple related reference genomes, Ragout infers the evolutionary relationships between the genomes and builds the final assemblies using a genome rearrangement approach. Using Ragout, we transformed NGS assemblies of 15 different Mus musculus and one Mus spretus genomes into sets of complete chromosomes, leaving less than 5% of sequence unlocalized per set. Various benchmarks, including PCR testing and realigning of long PacBio reads, suggest only a small number of structural errors in the final assemblies, comparable with direct assembly approaches. Additionally, we applied Ragout to Mus caroli and Mus pahari genomes, which exhibit karyotype-scale variations compared to other genomes from the Muridae family. Chromosome color maps confirmed most large-scale rearrangements that Ragout detected.

Journal: BioRxiv
DOI: 10.1101/088435
Year: 2016

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