July 7, 2019  |  

Antibiotic discovery throughout the Small World Initiative: A molecular strategy to identify biosynthetic gene clusters involved in antagonistic activity.

Authors: Davis, Elizabeth and Sloan, Tyler and Aurelius, Krista and Barbour, Angela and Bodey, Elijah and Clark, Brigette and Dennis, Celeste and Drown, Rachel and Fleming, Megan and Humbert, Allison and Glasgo, Elizabeth and Kerns, Trent and Lingro, Kelly and McMillin, MacKenzie and Meyer, Aaron and Pope, Breanna and Stalevicz, April and Steffen, Brittney and Steindl, Austin and Williams, Carolyn and Wimberley, Carmen and Zenas, Robert and Butela, Kristen and Wildschutte, Hans

The emergence of bacterial pathogens resistant to all known antibiotics is a global health crisis. Adding to this problem is that major pharmaceutical companies have shifted away from antibiotic discovery due to low profitability. As a result, the pipeline of new antibiotics is essentially dry and many bacteria now resist the effects of most commonly used drugs. To address this global health concern, citizen science through the Small World Initiative (SWI) was formed in 2012. As part of SWI, students isolate bacteria from their local environments, characterize the strains, and assay for antibiotic production. During the 2015 fall semester at Bowling Green State University, students isolated 77 soil-derived bacteria and genetically characterized strains using the 16S rRNA gene, identified strains exhibiting antagonistic activity, and performed an expanded SWI workflow using transposon mutagenesis to identify a biosynthetic gene cluster involved in toxigenic compound production. We identified one mutant with loss of antagonistic activity and through subsequent whole-genome sequencing and linker-mediated PCR identified a 24.9 kb biosynthetic gene locus likely involved in inhibitory activity in that mutant. Further assessment against human pathogens demonstrated the inhibition of Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the presence of this compound, thus supporting our molecular strategy as an effective research pipeline for SWI antibiotic discovery and genetic characterization.© 2017 The Authors. MicrobiologyOpen published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Journal: MicrobiologyOpen
DOI: 10.1002/mbo3.435
Year: 2017

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