July 19, 2019  |  

Single molecule real-time (SMRT®) DNA sequencing of HLA genes at ultra-high resolution from 126 International HLA and Immunogenetics Workshop cell lines.

Authors: Turner, T R and Hayhurst, J D and Hayward, D R and Bultitude, W P and Barker, D J and Robinson, J and Madrigal, J Alejandro and Mayor, N P and Marsh, S G E

The hyperpolymorphic HLA genes play important roles in disease and transplantation and act as genetic markers of migration and evolution. A panel of 107 B-lymphoblastoid cell lines (B-LCLs) was established in 1987 at the 10th International Histocompatibility Workshop as a resource for the immunogenetics community. These B-LCLs are well characterised and represent diverse ethnicities and HLA haplotypes. Here we have applied Pacific Biosciences' Single Molecule Real-Time (SMRT) DNA sequencing to HLA type 126 B-LCL, including the 107 IHIW cells, to ultra-high resolution. Amplicon sequencing of full-length HLA class I genes (HLA-A, -B and -C) and partial length HLA class II genes (HLA-DRB1, -DQB1 and -DPB1) was performed. We typed a total of 931 HLA alleles, 895 (96%) of which were consistent with the typing in the IPD-IMGT/HLA Database (Release 3.27.0, 2017-01-20), with 595 (64%) typed at a higher resolution. Discrepant types, including novel alleles (n=10) and changes in zygosity (n=13), as well as previously unreported types (n=34) were observed. In addition, patterns of linkage disequilibrium were distinguished by four-field resolution typing of HLA-B and HLA-C. By improving and standardising the HLA typing of these B-LCLs, we have ensured their continued usefulness as a resource for the immunogenetics community in the age of next generation DNA sequencing.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Journal: HLA
DOI: 10.1111/tan.13184
Year: 2018

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