Psychrophilic bacteria are considered a source of cold-active enzymes that can be used in industrial applications. The Arctic bacterium Colwellia hornerae PAMC 20917 strain has been isolated from the offshore sediment near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. The optimal growth temperature of the strain was 10?°C on marine agar. The cell lysate showed alkaline phosphatase activities. Analysis of the enzymatic properties showed that the alkaline phosphatase was cold-active and thermolabile. To explore useful cold-active industrial enzymes further, the entire genome of the PAMC 20917 strain was sequenced. The genome of the strain contained 4,684,314 nucleotides, with 37.87% G+C content. Genome mining analysis revealed that, in the complete genome sequence, three proteins were annotated as alkaline phosphatases. The genome of PAMC 20917 encodes cold shock proteins and an ice-binding protein that inhibits the growth of ice, allowing the bacterium to adapt to cold environments. This genome information may be useful for understanding mechanisms of adaptation to cold stress.
Journal: Marine genomics