JWB phytoplasma is a kind of insect-transmitted and uncultivable bacterial plant pathogen causeing a destructive Jujube disease. To date, no genome information about JWB phytoplasma has been published, which hindered its characterization at genomic level. To understand its pathogenicity and ecology, the genome of a JWB phytoplasma isolate jwb-nky was sequenced and compared with other phytoplasmas enabled us to explore the mechanisms of genomic rearrangement.The complete genome sequence of JWB phytoplasma (jwb-nky) was determined, which consisting of one circular chromosome of 750,803 bp with a GC content of 23.3%. 694 protein-encoding genes, 2 operons for rRNA genes and 31 tRNA genes as well as 4 potential mobile units (PMUs) containing clusters of DNA repeats were identified. Based on PHIbaes analysis, a large number of genes were genome-specific and approximately 13% of JWB phytoplasma genes were predicted to be associated with virulence. Although transporters for maltose, dipeptides/oligopeptides, spermidine/putrescine, cobalt, Mn/Zn and methionine were identified, KEGG pathway analysis revealed the reduced metabolic capabilities of JWB phytoplasma. Comparative genome analyses between JWB phytoplasma and other phytoplasmas shows the occurrence of large-scale gene rearrangements. The low synteny with other phytoplasmas indicated that the expansion of multiple gene families/duplication probably occurred separately after differentiation.In this study, the complete genome sequence of a JWB phytoplasma isolate jwb-nky that causing JWB disease was reported for the first time and a number of species-specific genes were identified in the genome. The study enhanced our understandings about genomic basis and the pathogenicity mechanism of this pathogen, which will aid in the development of improved strategies for efficient management of JWB diseases.
Journal: BMC genomics