July 19, 2019  |  

Comparative analysis of extended-spectrum-ß-lactamase CTX-M-65-producing Salmonella enterica serovar Infantis isolates from humans, food animals, and retail chickens in the United States.

Authors: Tate, Heather and Folster, Jason P and Hsu, Chih-Hao and Chen, Jessica and Hoffmann, Maria and Li, Cong and Morales, Cesar and Tyson, Gregory H and Mukerjee, Sampa and Brown, Allison C and Green, Alice and Wilson, Wanda and Dessai, Uday and Abbott, Jason and Joseph, Lavin and Haro, Jovita and Ayers, Sherry and McDermott, Patrick F and Zhao, Shaohua

We sequenced the genomes of ten Salmonella enterica serovar Infantis containing blaCTX-M-65 isolated from chicken, cattle, and human sources collected between 2012 and 2015 in the United States through routine NARMS surveillance and product sampling programs. We also completely assembled the plasmids from four of the isolates. All isolates had a D87Y mutation in the gyrA gene and harbored between 7 and 10 resistance genes (aph (4)-Ia, aac (3)-IVa, aph(3' )-Ic, blaCTX-M-65, fosA3, floR, dfrA14, sul1, tetA, aadA1) located in two distinct sites of a megaplasmid (~316-323kb) similar to that described in a blaCTX-M-65-positive S. Infantis isolated from a patient in Italy. High-quality single nucleotide polymorphism (hqSNP) analysis revealed that all U.S. isolates were closely related, separated by only 1 to 38 pairwise high quality SNPs, indicating a high likelihood that strains from humans, chicken, and cattle recently evolved from a common ancestor. The U.S. isolates were genetically similar to the blaCTX-M-65-positive S. Infantis isolate from Italy, with a separation of 34 to 47 SNPs. This is the first report of the blaCTX-M-65 gene and the pESI-like megaplasmid from S. Infantis in the United States, and illustrates the importance of applying a global One Health, human and animal perspective to combat antimicrobial resistance. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Microbiology.

Journal: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00488-17
Year: 2017

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