Brassica rapa includes many important crops that are cultivated as vegetables, condiments, and oilseeds. Recently, the Brassica genomes have been sequenced extensively: a B. rapa draft reference genome in 2011 (Wang et al., 2011), a Brassica oleracea in 2014 (Liu et al., 2014), a Brassica napus in 2014 (Chalhoub et al., 2014), and Brassica nigra and Brassica juncea in 2016 (Yang et al., 2016). The first released B. rapa genome reference served as a valuable resource in the genome assembly and annotation of the other Brassicas (Chalhoub et al., 2014, Liu et al., 2014, Parkin et al., 2014). B. rapa has been used widely in Brassica comparative and evolutionary genomics among the Brassicaceae (Cheng et al., 2013). However, the first B. rapa genome assembly (version 1.5) is only about 283.8 Mb, 58.52% of the estimated genome size (485 Mb) (Wang et al., 2011). Considering that much of the genome assembly is still missing (41.48%), there is a considerable possibility that important genes have been missed.
Journal: Molecular plant