April 21, 2020  |  

Intestinibaculum porci gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Erysipelotrichaceae isolated from the small intestine of a swine.

Authors: Kim, Ji-Sun and Choe, Hanna and Lee, Yu-Ri and Kim, Kyung Mo and Park, Doo-Sang

A strictly anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated SG0102T, was isolated from the small intestine of a swine. Optimal growth occurred at 37°C and pH 7.0. Furthermore, growth was observed in the presence of up to 3% (w/v) NaCl but not at salinity levels higher than 4%. The comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain SG0102T was most closely related to Kandleria vitulina DSM 20405T (93.3%), followed by Catenibacterium mitsuokai KCTC 5053T (91.1%), Sharpea azabuensis KCTC 15217T (91.0%), and Eggerthia catenaformis DSM 5348T (89.6%). The average nucleotide identity values between strain SG0102T and related species, K. vitulina DSM 20405T, C. mitsuokai KCTC 5053T, S. azabuensis KCTC 15217T, and E. catenaformis DSM 5348T, were 71.0, 69.3, 70.0, and 69.2%, respectively. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain SG0102T belonged to the family Erysipelotrichaceae in the class Erysipelotrichia. The DNA G + C content of the strain SG0102T was 39.5 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids (> 10%) of strain SG0102T were C16:0, C16:0 dimethyl acetal, and C18:2?9/12c. The cell wall peptidoglycan of strain SG0102T contained the meso-diaminopimelic acid. The strain SG0102T produced lactic acid as a major end product of fermentation. These distinct phenotypic and phylogenetic properties suggest that strain SG0102T represents a novel species in a novel genus of the family Erysipelotrichaceae, for which the name Intestinibaculum porci gen. nov. sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SG0102T (= KCTC 15725T = NBRC 113396T).

Journal: Journal of microbiology
DOI: 10.1007/s12275-019-8631-8
Year: 2019

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