April 21, 2020  |  

First near complete haplotype phased genome assembly of River buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)

Authors: Ananthasayanam, Sudhakar and Kothandaraman, Harish and Nayee, Nilesh and Saha, Sujit and Baghel, Dushyant Singh and Gopalakrishnan, Kishore and Peddamma, Sathish and Singh, Ram Bahadur and Schatz, Michael

This study reports the first haplotype phased reference quality genome assembly of textquoteleftMurrahtextquoteright an Indian breed of river buffalo. A mother-father-progeny trio was used for sequencing so that the individual haplotypes could be assembled in the progeny. Parental DNA samples were sequenced on the Illumina platform to generate a total of 274 Gb paired-end data. The progeny DNA sample was sequenced using PacBio long reads and 10x Genomics linked reads at 166x coverage along with 802Gb of optical mapping data. Trio binning based FALCON assembly of each haplotype was scaffolded with 10x Genomics reads and superscaffolded with BioNano Maps to build reference quality assembly of sire and dam haplotypes of 2.63Gb and 2.64Gb with just 59 and 64 scaffolds and N50 of 81.98Mb and 83.23Mb, respectively. BUSCO single copy core gene set coverage was > 91.25%, and gVolante-CEGMA completeness was >96.14% for both haplotypes. Finally, RaGOO was used to order and build the chromosomal level assembly with 25 scaffolds and N50 of 117.48 Mb (sire haplotype) and 118.51 Mb (dam haplotype). The improved haplotype phased genome assembly of river buffalo may provide valuable resources to discover molecular mechanisms related to milk production and reproduction traits.

Journal: BioRxiv
DOI: 10.1101/618785
Year: 2019

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