Tuesday, April 21, 2020

Genome mining and metabolic profiling illuminate the chemistry driving diverse biological activities of Bacillus siamensis SCSIO 05746.

Bacillus spp. are important producers of bioactive natural products with potential applications in medicine and agriculture. Bacillus sp. SCSIO 05476 from a deep-sea sediment exhibits broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and strong cytotoxic activity. Here, an integrative approach combining genome mining and metabolic profiling has been applied to decipher the chemical origins of this strain’s varied and significant biological activities. First, genome mining revealed 19 candidate gene clusters encoding the biosynthesis of diverse secondary metabolites. Then, a series of bacillibactins, fengycins, bacillomycins, surfactins, bacillaenes, macrolactins, and related species were found by LC-DAD-MS. Finally, three new linear bacillibactins, linbacillibactins A-C (1-3), along with…

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