Tuesday, April 21, 2020

Antigenic variation in the Lyme spirochete: detailed functional assessment of recombinational switching at vlsE in the JD1 strain of Borrelia burgdorferi.

Borrelia burgdorferi is a causative agent of Lyme disease and establishes long-term infection in mammalian hosts. Persistence is promoted by the VlsE antigenic variation system, which generates combinatorial diversity of VlsE through unidirectional, segmental gene conversion from an array of silent cassettes. Here we explore the variants generated by the vls system of strain JD1, which has divergent sequence and structural elements from the type strain B31, the only B. burgdorferi strain in which recombinational switching at vlsE has been studied in detail. We first completed the sequencing of the vls region in JD1, uncovering a previously unreported 114 bp inverted…

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