April 21, 2020  |  

Genome sequence resource for Ilyonectria mors-panacis, causing rusty root rot of Panax notoginseng.

Ilyonectria mors-panacis is a serious disease hampering the production of Panax notoginseng, an important Chinese medicinal herb, widely used for its anti-inflammatory, anti-fatigue, hepato-protective, and coronary heart disease prevention effects. Here, we report the first Illumina-Pacbio hybrid sequenced draft genome assembly of I. mors-panacis strain G3B and its annotation. The availability of this genome sequence not only represents an important tool toward understanding the genetics behind the infection mechanism of I. mors-panacis strain G3B but also will help illuminate the complexities of the taxonomy of this species.

April 21, 2020  |  

Agricultural intensification reduces microbial network complexity and the abundance of keystone taxa in roots.

Root-associated microbes play a key role in plant performance and productivity, making them important players in agroecosystems. So far, very few studies have assessed the impact of different farming systems on the root microbiota and it is still unclear whether agricultural intensification influences the structure and complexity of microbial communities. We investigated the impact of conventional, no-till, and organic farming on wheat root fungal communities using PacBio SMRT sequencing on samples collected from 60 farmlands in Switzerland. Organic farming harbored a much more complex fungal network with significantly higher connectivity than conventional and no-till farming systems. The abundance of keystone taxa was the highest under organic farming where agricultural intensification was the lowest. We also found a strong negative association (R2?=?0.366; P?

April 21, 2020  |  

The mitochondrial genome analysis of Isaria tenuipes (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae)

The mitochondrial genome of Isaria tenuipes, strain TTZ2017-3, was sequenced on the Illumina Hiseq 4000 and the PacBio Sequel Sequencer and annotated. The genome is 66703bp in length, encoding 15 conserved protein-coding genes (PCGs) including ribosomal protein S3, two rRNA genes and 26 tRNA genes. The nucleotide composition of I. tenuipes mitochondrial genome was 39.1% of A, 35.6% of T, 11.2% of C, 14.2% of G, 74.7% of AþT content. Phylogenetic analysis with other Hypocreales species revealed that I. tenuipes was more closely related to Cordyceps militaris, separated from Lecanicillium muscarium, Paecilomyces hepialid, and Beauveria species with Cordyceps teleomorph. This study provided valuable information on the gene contents of the mitochondrial genome and would facilitate the study of function and evolution of Isaria.

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