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Antarcticibacterium flavum JB01H24T was isolated from a marine sediment of the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Whole-genome sequencing of the strain Antarcticibacterium flavum JB01H24T was achieved using PacBio RS II platform. The resulting complete genome comprised of one closed, complete chromosome of 4,319,074 base pairs with a 40.87% G?+?C content, where genomic analyses demonstrated that it is constituted mostly by putative ORFs with unknown functions, representing a novel genetic feature. It is the first complete genome sequence of the Antarcticibacterium strain.
Sexual development is a key evolutionary innovation of eukaryotes. In many species, mating involves interaction between compatible mating partners that can undergo cell and nuclear fusion and subsequent steps of development including meiosis. Mating compatibility in fungi is governed by mating type determinants, which are localized at mating type (MAT) loci. In basidiomycetes, the ancestral state is hypothesized to be tetrapolar (bifactorial), with two genetically unlinked MAT loci containing homeodomain transcription factor genes (HD locus) and pheromone and pheromone receptor genes (P/R locus), respectively. Alleles at both loci must differ between mating partners for completion of sexual development. However, there…
Development of high-throughput sequencing techniques have greatly benefited our understanding about microbial ecology; yet the methods producing short reads suffer from species-level resolution and uncertainty of identification. Here we optimize PacBio-based metabarcoding protocols covering the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS region) and partial Small Subunit (SSU) of the rRNA gene for species-level identification of all eukaryotes, with a specific focus on Fungi (including Glomeromycota) and Stramenopila (particularly Oomycota). Based on tests on composite soil samples and mock communities, we propose best suitable degenerate primers, ITS9munngs + ITS4ngsUni for eukaryotes and selected groups therein and discuss pros and cons of long read-based…
Intra-chromosomal or inter-chromosomal genomic rearrangements often lead to speciation. Loss or gain of a centromere leads to alterations in chromosome number in closely related species. Thus, centromeres can enable tracing the path of evolution from the ancestral to a derived state. The Malassezia species complex of the phylum Basiodiomycota shows remarkable diversity in chromosome number ranging between six and nine chromosomes. To understand these transitions, we experimentally identified all eight centromeres as binding sites of an evolutionarily conserved outer kinetochore protein Mis12/Mtw1 in M. sympodialis. The 3 to 5 kb centromere regions share an AT-rich, poorly transcribed core region enriched…
Pseudomonas sp. strain SGAir0191 was isolated from an air sample collected in Singapore, and its genome was sequenced using a combination of long and short reads to generate a high-quality genome assembly. The complete genome is approximately 5.07?Mb with 4,370 protein-coding genes, 19 rRNAs, and 73 tRNAs.Copyright © 2019 Wong et al.
Microbacterium sp. strain SGAir0570 was isolated from air samples collected in Singapore. Its genome was assembled using single-molecule real-time sequencing and MiSeq short reads. It has one chromosome with a length of 3.38?Mb and one 59.2-kb plasmid. It contains 3,170 protein-coding genes, 48 tRNAs, and 6 rRNAs.Copyright © 2019 Kalsi et al.
Enterococcus faecalis strain SGAir0397 was isolated from a tropical air sample collected in Singapore. Its genome was assembled using single-molecule real-time sequencing data and comprises one circular chromosome with a length of 2.69 Mbp. The genome contains 2,595 protein-coding genes, 59 tRNAs, and 12 rRNAs.Copyright © 2019 Purbojati et al.
Agrococcus sp. strain SGAir0287 was isolated from tropical air samples collected in Singapore. Assembled using single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing and MiSeq reads, the genome consists of one circular chromosome of 3,084,767?bp. The entire genome has 2,870 protein-coding genes, 45 tRNAs, and 3 rRNAs.Copyright © 2019 Lau et al.
Nissabacter sp. strain SGAir0207 was isolated from a tropical air sample collected in Singapore. Its genome was assembled using a hybrid approach with long and short reads, resulting in one chromosome of 3.9?Mb and 7 plasmids. The complete genome consists of 4,403 protein-coding, 84 tRNA, and 22 rRNA genes.Copyright © 2019 Gaultier et al.
Here, the complete genome sequence of Duncaniella muris strain B8 is presented. The anaerobic strain was isolated from the feces of C57/BL6 mice and is closely related to D. muris strain DSM 103720, which is the type strain of the recently proposed genus Duncaniella of the Muribaculaceae.Copyright © 2019 Miyake et al.
The bacterial strain SMR4y belongs to the diverse microbiome of the marine diatom Skeletonema marinoi strain R05AC. After assembly of its genome, presented here, and subsequent analyses, we placed it in the genus Sphingorhabdus This strain has a 3,479,724-bp circular chromosome (with 3,340 coding sequences) and no known plasmids.Copyright © 2019 Töpel et al.
The chromosomal methylation statuses of the highly virulent Vibrio vulnificus strain CMCP6 grown in human serum and in seawater are compared here. Growth in seawater resulted in ~4 times as much methylation as that in human serum, primarily N4-methylcytosines.Copyright © 2019 Conrad and Harwood.
Halorubrum sp. strain BOL3-1 was isolated from Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, and sequenced using single-molecule real-time sequencing. Its 3.7-Mbp genome was analyzed for gene content and methylation patterns and incorporated into the Haloarchaeal Genomes Database (http://halo.umbc.edu). The polyextremophilic character and high-elevation environment make the microbe of interest for astrobiology. Copyright © 2019 DasSarma et al.
Isolated from Aran-Bidgol Lake in Iran, and reported here, Halorubrum ezzemoulense strain Fb21 represents the first complete genome from this archaeal species. Local recombination in this genome is in stark contrast to equidistant recombination events in bacteria. The genome’s GC bias, however, points to a genome architecture and origin that resemble those of a bacterium. Its availability, genome signatures, and frequent intragenomic recombination mean that Fb21 presents an attractive model organism for this species. Copyright © 2019 Feng et al.